Spatial Analysis of Education Millennium Units in Ecuador and Its Coverage Over Poverty Areas

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Gustavo Ernesto Navas Ruilova
Robinson Llerena Paz
Fernando Vaca


Statistical Spatial Analysis, UEM, millennium educational units, spatial analysis, PostgreSQL-PostGIS, poverty


One of the most influence parameters in poverty is the poor quality of education. The systematic study of poverty is essential to improve the implementation of plans and projects. Since 2005, Ecuador began the “Project to improve education conditions, schooling access and coverage of education" on high poverty areas through the National Government (Ministry of Education 2016). This study performs a Spatial Analysis of the above governmental project of Ecuador by the use of free software. This analysis is based in the existence of public educational institutions called "Millennium Educational Units", whose purpose is to improve academic quality, meet rural student demand and serve historically relegated sectors.  It is sought using statistical spatial analysis techniques, supported by a robust relational database such as PostgreSQL for determining their ​​impact area on the population by creating various types of coverage to identify the parishes and the poverty percentage that is being benefited by this educational project, managed to determine that there is a percentage between 77% and 96% of UEM, located in areas of extreme poverty.
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