Gamificación y aprendizaje colaborativo en línea: un análisis de estrategias en una universidad mexicana

Contenido principal del artículo

William Reyes-Cabrera https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3443-6385

Resumen

Aunque la educación a distancia ha demostrado sus beneficios en el proceso de enseñanza, una de sus principales carencias es la falta de estrategias propias; sin embargo, la gamificación se considera como una herramienta efectiva para trabajar en esta modalidad. Por ello, se realizó una investigación de enfoque cuantitativo, de alcance exploratorio del tipo preexperimental en una universidad mexicana con los siguientes objetivos: identificar el nivel de incidencia que tienen las estrategias de gamificación en el aprendizaje colaborativo en un curso a distancia desde la perspectiva del estudiantado universitario; y comprobar si existen diferencias significativas entre las diferentes estrategias de gamificación en el aprendizaje colaborativo del estudiantado universitario. Se utilizó un curso a distancia donde se emplearon tres estrategias de gamificación (Tríada PET, Digital StoryTelling y Escape Room); el alumnado contestó el instrumento COLLES al finalizar cada una de estas para contrastar las respuestas obtenidas, por lo que se compararon las medias, desviaciones estándar y la ANOVA de un factor para muestras repetidas. Los resultados indicaron que las tres estrategias incidieron en el aprendizaje colaborativo, aunque existieron diferencias significativas en sus escalas. Se concluye que las características de cada estrategia son determinantes para lograr el aprendizaje colaborativo en línea. Se recomienda seleccionar y articular las estrategias de gamificación en el diseño de un curso a distancia y realizar mediciones constantes para identificar y mantener los niveles de aprendizaje colaborativo.
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