Evaluation of an experimental induced ignition engine under different gasoline

Main Article Content

Víctor Alfonso Taipe-Defaz https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6739-7661
Edilberto Antonio Llanes Cedeño https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7551-0273
César Fabricio Morales-Bayetero https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3872-8721
Ana Elizabeth Checa-Ramírez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1032-0417

Abstract

The internal combustion engine with provoked ignition is a thermal machine that enables obtaining mechanical power from the chemical energy of a fuel. The objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of an internal combustion engine through the balance of energy and exergy, under the individual use of the three types of gasoline sold in Ecuador (Super, Extra and Ecopais). The experimental methodology consisted of starting the engine with the individual use of gasoline until reaching its maximum power at engine speed, and taking measurements of temperature, specific fuel consumption and air-fuel ratio during 3 minutes. Results show an energy efficiency of 11.31% for the Super gasoline, 10.75% for the Extra gasoline and 10.39% for the Ecopais gasoline. Regarding exergy efficiency, 58.81% was established for the Super gasoline, 58.89% for the Extra gasoline and 59.19% for the Ecopais gasoline. Results enable us to conclude that there is an exergy potential for improvement that may be an opportunity to increase energy efficiency.
Abstract 444 | PDF (Español (España)) Downloads 130 PDF Downloads 93 EPUB (Español (España)) Downloads 3

References

[1] A. Filho, M. Rodrigues, J. Santos, C. Cunha, and J. a. Donatelli, “Balanço Energético e Exergético de uma Pequena Central Termelétrica Equipada com um Motor de Combustão Interna a Diesel,” in Conference: Iberian Latin American Congress on Computational Methods in Engineering At: Cartagena das Índias, Colombia, 11 2019. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3bPazB4
[2] E. A. Llanes-Cedeño, Y. Guardia-Puebla, A. de la Rosa-Andino, S. Cevallos-Carvajal, and J. C. Rocha-Hoyos, “Detección de fallas en motores de combustión mediante indicadores de temperatura y presión de inyección,” INGENIUS, no. 22, pp. 38–46, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.17163/ings.n22.2019.04
[3] J. D. Ramírez Alzate and A. Arcila Agudelo, Validación experimental de la relación de compresión para varios combustibles a utilizar en un motor de combustión interna. Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3r5PqJ6
[4] E. A. Llanes Cedeño, V. D. Zambrano León, A. S. Cevallos Carvajal, E. R. Mena Mena, and J. C. Rocha Hoyos, Teoría de selección y dimensionamiento del parque automotor. Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas – ESPE, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3q7plYI
[5] Ministerio de Electricidad y Energía Renovable, Balance Energético Nacional 2017. Gobierno de la República del Ecuador, Ministerio de Electricidad y Energía Renovable, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/37ZUQOm
[6] Erdiwansyah, R. Mamat, M. S. M. Sani, K. Sudhakar, A. Kadarohman, and R. E. Sardjono, “An overview of Higher alcohol and biodiesel as alternative fuels in engines,” Energy Reports, vol. 5, pp. 467–479, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2019.04.009
[7] Y. Li, M. Jia, S. L. Kokjohn, Y. Chang, and R. D. Reitz, “Comprehensive analysis of exergy destruction sources in different engine combustion regimes,” Energy, vol. 149, pp. 697–708, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.02.081
[8] P. Tamilselvan, N. Nallusamy, and S. Rajkumar, “A comprehensive review on performance, combustion and emission characteristics of biodiesel fuelled diesel engines,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 79, pp. 1134–1159, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.176
[9] N. Dolatabadi, M. Forder, N. Morris, R. Rahmani, H. Rahnejat, and S. Howell-Smith, “Influence of advanced cylinder coatings on vehicular fuel economy and emissions in piston compression ring conjunction,” Applied Energy, vol. 259, p. 114129, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114129
[10] E. A. Llanes Cedeño, J. C. Rocha-Hoyos, D. B. Peralta Zurita, and J. C. Leguísamo Milla, “Evaluación de emisiones de gases en un vehículo liviano a gasolina en condiciones de altura. Caso de estudio Quito, Ecuador,” Enfoque UTE, vol. 9, pp. 149–158, 06 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.29019/enfoqueute.v9n2.201
[11] E. Castillo Rivera, L. Mora Díaz, E. Gutiérrez Gualotuña, O. Martínez Valdez, P. Tafur Escanta, A. Soria Amancha, A. Villavicencio Poveda, G. Torres Rodríguez, and R. Baldeón López, “Análisis, estudio y modelamiento matemático para la caracterización energética de las gasolinas comerciales en función de los parámetros de calidad referentes a las normas ASTM,” Aporte Santiaguino, no. 1, pp. 122–137, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.32911/as.2019.v12.n1.612
[12] M. A. William Fernando, C. P. Galarza Valarezo, and A. López Hidalgo, “Evaluación del consumo específico de combustible y emisiones de gases de escape, con el uso del combustible Eco-país en un motor de combustión interna alternativo,” Master’s thesis, Universidad del Azuay – Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología – Escuela de Ingeniería en Mecánica Automotriz, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3kB8dd5
[13] M. Mofijur, M. G. Rasul, J. Hyde, and M. M. K. Bhuyia, “Role of Biofuels on IC Engines Emission Reduction,” Energy Procedia, vol. 75, pp. 886–892, 2015, clean, Efficient and Affordable Energy for a Sustainable Future: The 7th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2015). [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2015.07.211
[14] Q. Wang, W. Sun, L. Guo, L. Fan, P. Cheng, H. Zhang, and Y. Sun, “Effects of EGR and combustion phasing on the combustion and emission characteristic of direct-injection CI engine fueled with n-butanol/diesel blends,” Energy Procedia, vol. 160, pp. 364–371, 2019, 2nd International Conference on Energy and Power, ICEP2018, 13–15 December 2018, Sydney, Australia. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.169
[15] X. Wang, B. gang Sun, and Q. he Luo, “Energy and exergy analysis of a turbocharged hydrogen internal combustion engine,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 44, no. 11, pp. 5551–5563, 2019, the 6th International Conference on Energy, Engineering and Environmental Engineering. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.10.047
[16] R. Morgan, G. Dong, A. Panesar, and M. Heikal, “A comparative study between a rankine cycle and a novel intra-cycle based waste heat recovery concepts applied to an internal combustion engine,” Applied Energy, vol. 174, pp. 108–117, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.04.026
[17] M. Razmara, M. Bidarvatan, M. Shahbakhti, and R. D. Robinett, “Optimal exergy-based control of internal combustion engines,” Applied Energy, vol. 183, pp. 1389–1403, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.09.058
[18] K. Venkata Sundar Rao, S. N. Kurbet, and V. V. Kuppast, “A review on performance of the IC engine using alternative fuels,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 5, no. 1, Part Conference on Processing of Materials, Minerals and Energy (July 29th – 30th) 2016, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.11.303
[19] E. A. Llanes-Cedeño, J. B. Carguachi-Caizatoa, and J. C. Rocha-Hoyos, “Evaluación energética y exergética en un motor de combustión interna ciclo Otto de 1.6 L,” Enfoque UTE, vol. 9, pp. 221–232, 12 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.29019/enfoqueute.v9n4.365
[20] P. Sun, Z. Liu, X. Yu, C. Yao, Z. Guo, and S. Yang, “Experimental study on heat and exergy balance of a dual-fuel combined injection engine with hydrogen and gasoline,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 44, no. 39, pp. 22 301–22 315, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2019.06.149
[21] C. A. Romero Piedrahita, “Contribución al conocimiento del comportamiento térmico y la gestión térmica de los motores de combustión interna alternativos,” Ph.D. dissertation, Universitat Politécnica de Valéncia, 2009. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.4995/Thesis/10251/4923
[22] R. Hernandez Sampieri, Metodología de la investigación: las rutas cuantitativa, cualitativa y mixta. McGraw-Hill Interamericana, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2O8xoHE
[23] J. C. Rocha-Hoyos, L. E. Tipanluisa, V. D. Zambrano, and A. A. Portilla, “Estudio de un motor a gasolina en condiciones de altura con mezclas de aditivo orgánico en el combustible,” Información tecnológica, vol. 29, pp. 325–334, 10 2018. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-07642018000500325
[24] Q. he Luo and B. gang Sun, “Experiments on the effect of engine speed, load, equivalence ratio, spark timing and coolant temperature on the energy balance of a turbocharged hydrogen engine,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 162, pp. 1–12, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2017.12.051
[25] M. Krishnamoorthi and R. Malayalamurthi, “Availability analysis, performance, combustion and emission behavior of bael oil - diesel - diethyl ether blends in a variable compression ratio diesel engine,” Renewable Energy, vol. 119, pp. 235–252, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2017.12.015
[26] V. Karthickeyan, “Effect of combustion chamber bowl geometry modification on engine performance, combustion and emission characteristics of biodiesel fuelled diesel engine with its energy and exergy analysis,” Energy, vol. 176, pp. 830–852, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2019.04.012
[27] C. H. Rufino, A. J. T. B. de Lima, A. P. Mattos, F. U. M. Allah, J. L. L. Bernal, J. V. Ferreira, and W. L. R. Gallo, “Exergetic analysis of a spark ignition engine fuelled with ethanol,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 192, pp. 20–29, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.04.035
[28] INEN, “Vehículos automotores. Bus urbano. Requisitos, NTE INEN 2 205:2010,” Instituto Ecuatoriano de Normalización, Norma Técnica Ecuatoriana, Tech. Rep., 2010. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3bPTlU1
[29] V. Kolanjiappan, “Reduction of amine and biological antioxidants on NOx emissions powered by mango seed biodiesel,” Revista Facultad de Ingeniería Universidad de Antioquia, no. 84, pp. 46–54, Sep. 2017. [Online]. Available: http://doi.org/10.17533/udea.redin.n84a06
[30] Y. Guardia-Puebla, J. Márquez-Delgado, V. Sánchez-Girón, E. A. Llanes-Cedeño, J. C. Rocha-Hoyos, and D. B. Peralta-Zurita, “Mejoras a la asignatura diseño estadístico de experimentos para estudiantes de la carrera de Ingeniería Mecánica,” Revista Espacios, vol. 39, no. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3b5M5UK
[31] A. Guzmán, E. Cueva, A. Peralvo, M. Revelo, and A. Armas, “Estudio del rendimiento dinámico de un motor Otto utilizando mezclas de dos tipos de gasolinas Extra y Súper,” Enfoque UTE, vol. 9, pp. 208–220, 12 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.29019/enfoqueute.v9n4.335
[32] A. I. Quimbita Panchi and E. X. Guallichico Suntasig, “Determinación del potencial energético y mecánico del motor Mazda F2 al utilizar los tipos de gasolina comercial empleados en el Ecuador,” Master’s thesis, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas – ESPE, 2017. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3kCcddd
[33] E. V. Torres González, R. Lugo Leyte, H. D. Lugo Méndez, L. E. Méndez Cruz, J. A. González Andrade, and I. E. Hernández Mora, “Evaluación del desempeño de un motor de gasolina mediante el análisis energético y exergético,” in Memorias del XXXVII Encuentro Nacional de la AMIDIQ, Jalisco, México, 2016, pp. 49–54. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/2NU95NV
[34] O. Rosendo Llerena, “Análisis energético, exergético y económico de un sistema de cogeneración: Caso para una planta azucarera de San Pablo,” INGENIUS, no. 19, pp. 29–39, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.17163/ings.n19.2018.03
[35] A. Erazo, M. Ribeiro Batista, C. E. Tuna, C. L. Vorobieff, and J. Silveira, “Análisis energético, exergético y ecológico aplicado en un motor de combustión interna de pequeño porte accionado con biogas,” in XI Latin-American Congress on Electricity Generation and Transmission, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://bit.ly/3r6qMs0