Deposición de capas funcionales sobre esmaltes cerámicos mediante la técnica sol-gel (revisión)

Main Article Content

Santiago Betancourt-Parra http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4474-2447
Manuel A. Domínguez-Ortiz http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2167-7400
Diana M. Mosquera-Palacio http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0401-3557
Juliana Herrera-Guerra http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5636-7210
Carlos M. Ríos-Rendón http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6816-4296
Carlos E. Villa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4971-689X

Keywords

Esmaltes cerámicos, esmaltes funcionales, sol-gel, cerámica

Resumen

La funcionalización de esmaltes para la industria de las baldosas cerámicas ha sido un frente de investigación importante en los últimos 15 años. Diferentes investigadores han centrado sus esfuerzos en conseguir superficies con atributos funcionales que incrementen el valor agregado del producto y a su vez aporten respuestas a las necesidades tecnológicas de nuestros tiempos. El presente artículo se concentra en hacer una revisión de la literatura científica dedicada a la obtención de superficies funcionales por medio de la técnica de sol-gel, la cual es apta para la fabricación de soluciones que se depositan formando capas finas sobre los esmaltes de cerámica tradicional con el fin de aportar características funcionales al mismo. El documento presenta las principales soluciones alcóxidicas usualmente empleadas, las diferentes técnicas de deposición haciendo énfasis en los hallazgos experimentales obtenidos por los diferentes autores, y presenta una síntesis de los efectos funcionales hasta la fecha obtenidos por medio de la técnica.
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