Detection of Betalactamic Antibiotics, Tetracyclines And Sulfamides as Emerging Pollutants in the Rivers San Pedro and Pita of the Canton Rumiñahui

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Lenin Javier Ramirez-Cando http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4855-4796
Sabrina Estefania Chicaiza Ramírez https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0496-685X
Allan David Ramos López https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1446-5138
César Iván Álvarez https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5629-0893

Keywords

Antibiotics, contaminants emerging, environment, beta-lactams, sulfonamides

Abstract

The activities carried out in daily living, such as personal hygiene and health care, they may cause negative effects on the ecosystem, generating alterations on the environment given that consumed several substances of different origin and chemical composition, these substances are relatively little known regarding the impact that will have on the environment and human substances that are recognized under the name of polluting emerging. This experimental study was developed in the parishes of Uyumbicho, Amaguaña, two towns located 1 km from the shore of the San Pedro river and the parish of Sangolqui near the Pita river, assessed the likely existence of residues of beta-lactam antibiotics and sulphonamides at the 13 sampling points distributed in the following manner: 9 in the San Pedro river and 4 in the Pita river 6 samples of water, were taken to be analyzed using a kit of detection for antibiotics samples were tested 2 times every month, for 3 months, antibiotics were estimated by photogrammetric and statistical analysis. The results are clear with a total of 41 of 78 samples representing 52% of positive cases with the presence of residues of beta-lactam antibiotics and sulfonamides in the tributaries of the rivers San Pedro and Pita.
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